View Full Version : installing rpm packages using apt

01-26-2005, 10:25 PM
I have looked high and low, found pieces but nothing comprehensive about installing rpm's using apt. I am familiar with rpm but not apt. I decided to install Knoppix 3.7 on my hard drive. All went well with the install and I am quite impressed thus far. There is a major, but very pleasant, difference in apt as opposed to rpm. It may be because I don't know where to go yet for apt based packages, i.e. rpmfind, so I may be looking in all the wrong places. Specifically, i have found a small application that I would like to try out but it is only in rpm format. So what I get thus far is I can use alien to convert the rpm to a deb. Then I 'THINK?' I have to alter the apt sources file for apt to include a directory on my local hard drive. Then, if I understand this correctly, I can apt-get the alien converted package(being careful to put it in my sources listed local directory) and it will find it becuse I have altered the apt config to look locally for packages. Is this normal usage for apt/knoppix. I don't see a command line option for apt-get install to tell it to look locally.
My apologies if this is addressed in another thread, I have looked but I can't find it.


01-26-2005, 10:47 PM
Just do: sudo dpkg -i packagename.deb

BTW: What's the package?
Can you find a .deb here: http://www.apt-get.org/

01-26-2005, 11:08 PM
Thanks for the reply. The package will allow you to create an ascii flowchart . I am in a bioinformatics program which emphasizes Perl ... they want us to flowchart our programs. I have looked at Kivio but it does stupid things like refuse to line up the connectors between different size boxes, and other things, so I just decided to go simple.

Sorry for being obtuse but I am hung up on the apt sources thing. Will the command you list read from a local directory. For example, I have downloaded the rpm into a temp directory in my home folder. The command you show wouldn't look there by default, I would have to update the apt config file to add this directory...correct? Also, I only see http and ftp type entries in the apt config file, can you add just a regular old directory?

Sorry for my confusion.... :?:

01-26-2005, 11:19 PM
I think you might want to read this: http://www.knoppix.net/forum/viewtopic.php?t=2638

dpkg -i package.deb installs a single deb from the directory where you run the command, unless you specify a path like: dpkg -i /home/jsweatte/tmp/package.deb

The apt sources.list is used to get packages over the net. If I wanted to install, say nano, I would do:
su (to become root [which you probably knew])
dselect update (to update my local cache on what's out there)
apt-cache search nano (self explanatory)
apt-cache show nano (to look at the packagedescription)
apt-cache policy nano (to see which version I'd get from which repository)
apt-get install nano -s (to simulate the install with the -s switch)
apt-get install nano (to install it)

If I wanted to get rid of it later I would do:
apt-get remove nano (to just remove it)
apt-get --purge remove nano (to remove all it's config files as well)

01-27-2005, 04:14 AM
I'll take a look at the link. Thanks for the help. I think you've explained it clearly.

01-27-2005, 08:45 AM
Your welcome.

PS: If you want a GUI for package handling, apt-get install synaptic , or have a look at kpackage which is already installed.

01-27-2005, 05:15 PM
You may also find this brief summary useful: http://www.knoppix.net/forum/viewtopic.php?t=14977

01-27-2005, 05:22 PM
I have installed a RPM using APT from a local directory.