Hd Install HowTo

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You CAN install newer versions of Knoppix on harddisk, if you wish, though installation is not required for productive use. If you want to do this, you should just make sure there is some empty space on your harddrive so you can create at least 2 Linux partitions, one for the System (for Knoppix, minimal approx. 3 GB) and about minimal 200MB for [Swap] during the installation process. It is VERY important that the swap space partition is of type "Linux Swap space" (or equivelent"). A partitioning program is integrated in the knoppix-installer.

It´s recommend to use 5 GB for root partition and 400 MB for swap partition.

(NOTE: Be sure the root partition is the first partition on the drive, is formatted with ext2 or ext3, and is set to "active." The swap partition must be formatted with "linux-swap." Installation and subsequent booting will not continue otherwise.)

You should get Knoppix version 3.4 and type "[sudo] knoppix-installer" in the shell if you want to do this. Please ALWAYS make sure that you have a working backup of your important data prior to experimenting with ANY new software, no matter if Windows, Linux or anything else.

In knoppix-installer, arrow keys move focus and space bar selects options.

Note: Do not use "knx-hdinstall" anymore. "knx-hdinstall" is no longer maintained, use "knoppix-installer" instead.

Or the [Knopper FAQ] on doing it manually. Once knoppix is installed on a hard disk, it's no longer a Knoppix;-) it's a uncompressed complete Debian GNU/Linux.

Blind Installation

It's possible to install Knoppix on a PC's hd without a monitor, see Hd InstallWithoutaMonitorHowTo

Updating HD installation

You can do a

for i in $(COLUMNS=240 dpkg -l | awk '{print $2}')


echo dpkg-repack --root=/KNOPPIX "$i"


to create packages from a running KNOPPIX CD to a writable harddisk partition, and install/update these packages with dpkg -i.


Using the Knoppix repository at http://developer.linuxtag.net/knoppix/ plus the standard debian mirrors is easier, though. See also : http://jaqque.sbih.org/kplug/apt-pinning.html

Installing Gnome

To install [Gnome], you have to type apt-get install gnome-bin gdm. Then execute update-alternatives --config x-window-manager and select [gdm].

See also : http://wiki.debian.net/index.cgi?DebianGnome